Sermon Prepared by James McCullen
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A Letter to Defend the Gospel
1 Tim 1:1-4

1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment of God our Savior and the Lord Jesus Christ, our hope, 2 To Timothy, a true son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord. 3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia--remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, 4 nor give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which cause disputes rather than godly edification which is in faith. NKJV

1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the commandment of God our Savior, and of Christ Jesus, who is our hope, 2 To Timothy, my true child in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. 3 As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia, remain on at Ephesus so that you may instruct certain men not to teach strange doctrines, 4 nor to pay attention to myths and endless genealogies, which give rise to mere speculation rather than furthering the administration of God which is by faith. NASU

1 Timothy is the January Bible Study Book for the Southern Baptist Convention this year. Every year a book of the Bible is chosen for a special time of study. I am at peace with the Lord about preaching through this book for the next several weeks.

Plan to read this book several time s in your devotional time and we will enjoy the time studying this book.

1.    The . . Details of the Letter. vv 1-2

A.    The . . Writing of the Letter. vv 1-2a

        1. Apostleship Identified. v 1a
            "Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment. . . "

            a. Paul an apostle by Command

        2. Authority Identified. v 1b
            ". . . of God our Savior and the Lord Jesus Christ, our hope,. . ."

            a. God and the Lord Jesus Christ

        3. Appointment Identified. v 2a
            "To Timothy, a true son in the faith:. . ."
              a. To Timothy

We see that Paul refers to Timothy as his "true son in the faith." Paul had led Timothy to Christ and Timothy was very dear to him. Timothy was a spiritual son to Paul. Timothy was a dear and trusted friend of the apostle Paul. We see this reflected in: Philippians 2:19-20. 19 But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, that I also may be encouraged when I know your state. 20 For I have no one like-minded, who will sincerely care for your state.

B.    The . . Wish for the Letter. v2b
        ". . . Grace, mercy, and peace. . ."

    1. Grace, God giving what we could not deserve
    2. Mercy God not Giving what we deserve.
    3. Peace, The bi-product from Grace and Mercy

C.    The . . Weight of the Letter. v 2c
        ". . . from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord."

        1. God our Father.
        2. Jesus Our Lord
To try and blame Paul for passages we don't care for is to deny the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ.

If we can attack Paul's authorship and Paul's authority then we can choose to ignore his message as well. Perhaps you've heard statements before like, "Paul was a male chauvinist." Statements like that are usually followed up with a non-acceptance of his teachings on the roles of men and women in the church and home.

2.    The . . Desire of the Letter. vv 3a-4

A.    The Desire of Urging Timothy to . .Remain in Ephesus. v 3a
        "As I urged you when I went into Macedonia--remain in Ephesus . . ."

Paul understood that the church at Ephesus would face fierce attack. There would be false teachers in Ephesus. Note the background information on Ephesus from Wiersbe's commentary on 1 Timothy

"The city was devoted to the worship of Diana, the patroness of the sexual instinct. Her lascivious images helped promote sexual immorality of all kinds." (The Bible Exposition Commentary; Warren Wiersbe, p. 210)

        1. The Statement of Rick Warren:

A long pastorate does not guarantee a church will grow, but changing pastors every few years guarantees a church won't grow. Long pastorates make deep, trusting and caring relationships possible. Without those kinds of relationships a pastor won't accomplish much of lasting value.

He goes on to say

Knowing the importance of longevity in growing a healthy church I prayed, "Father, I'm willing to go anyplace in the world you want to send me. But I ask for the privilege of investing my entire life in just one location. I don't care where you put me, but I'd like to stay wherever it is for the rest of my life." (pgs 31-32)

B.    The Desire of Urging Timothy to . .Reason about Doctrine. v 3b-4
        ". . . that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, nor give heed to fables and
endless genealogies,

The Word Doctrine is used 33 Times in the New Testament
The Word Doctrine used in 1 Timothy (8) = almost 1/4 of N.T.
Doctrine used in 2 Timothy (3) so the total is 11, = 1/3

Doctrines (1) 1 Tim. 4:1

1 Timothy 1:3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia -- remain in Ephesus that you may charge some that they teach no other doctrine, NKJV

1 Timothy 1:10 for fornicators, for sodomites, for kidnappers, for liars, for perjurers, and if there is any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine, NKJV

1 Tim. 4:6 If you instruct the brethren in these things, you will be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished in the words of faith and of the good doctrine which you have carefully followed. NKJV

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attention to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. NKJV

1 Timothy 4:16 Take heed to yourself and to the doctrine. Continue in them, for in doing this you will save both yourself and those who hear you. NKJV

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine. NKJV

1 Timothy 6:1 Let as many bondservants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor, so that the name of God and His doctrine may not be blasphemed. NKJV

1 Timothy 6:3 If anyone teaches otherwise and does not consent to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which accords with godliness, NKJV

2 Timothy 3:10 But you have carefully followed my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, perseverance, NKJV

2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, NKJV

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; NKJV


Did you hear about the little boy who returned home after his first Sunday School class? His mother asked, "Who was your teacher?' and the little boy answered, "I don't remember her name, but she must have been Jesus' grandmother because she didn't talk about anyone else."

Does our conversation reflect our love of Jesus? Would our words give away our relationship with him? (Leadership Magazine)

[I] Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, Vol. 2 pg. 211