A Letter to Declare Sound Doctrine
1 Tim 1:5-11
NASU 5 But the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith. 6 For some men, straying from these things, have turned aside to fruitless discussion, 7 wanting to be teachers of the Law, even though they do not understand either what they are saying or the matters about which they make confident assertions. 8 But we know that the Law is good, if one uses it lawfully, 9 realizing the fact that law is not made for a righteous person, but for those who are lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers 10 and immoral men and homosexuals and kidnappers and liars and perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching, 11 according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, with which I have been entrusted. NASU
HCSB 5 Now the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart, a good conscience, and a sincere faith. 6 Some have deviated from these and turned aside to fruitless discussion. 7 They want to be teachers of the law, although they don't understand what they are saying or what they are insisting on. 8 Now we know that the law is good, provided one uses it legitimately. 9 We know that the law is not meant for a righteous person, but for the lawless and rebellious, for the ungodly and sinful, for the unholy and irreverent, for those who kill their fathers and mothers, for murderers, 10 for the sexually immoral and homosexuals, for kidnappers, liars, perjurers, and for whatever else is contrary to the sound teaching 11 based on the glorious gospel of the blessed God that was entrusted to me. HCSB = Holman Christian Standard Bible
1. Declaring the . . Discipline of
Sound Doctrine. vv 5-10a
A. Declaring the . . Purpose of the Discipline.
5 Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience,
and from sincere faith,
Introduction: The goal is not to win the argument but the person.
1. Love, Love from:
a. Pure Heart. The proper motive for the Commandment.
Good Conscience. Acts 24:16
This being so, I myself always strive to have a conscience without offense toward
God and men. NKJV
c. Sincere Faith.
1) Not Merely Faith About Him. (Acknowledging His historicity).
2) Not Merely Faith In Him. (Acknowledging His ability).
3) But Faith on Him. (Resting your all in Him).
B. Declaring the . . Problem of the Discipline. vv 6-7
1. Turned from Faith. v 6
6 from which some, having strayed,. . ."
2. Turned to Idle Talk. v
". . . have turned aside to idle talk,. . ."
3. Teach the Law. v 7 a
"desiring to be teachers of the law, . . ."
4. Thickheaded. v 7b
". . . understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm."
Gal 3:24-25 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. NKJV
C. Declaring the . . People of the Discipline. vv 8-10
1. The People who Use the
Law . . Correctly. v 8
"But we know that the law is good if one uses it lawfully,"
Lawfully: nomimoos (NT:3545). Occurring
only in the Pastoral Epistles. . . . The nature of the proper use of the law-use according to
its design . . . " (from Vincent's Word Studies in the N. T)
2. The People who Use the
Law . . Consistently. v 9a
9 knowing this: that the law is not made for a righteous person, . .."
a. A Righteous Person: Righteous dikaioo
(NT:1342). Morally upright. Not in the Pauline sense of justified by faith. Compare:
2 Tim 3:16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for
reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, NKJV
Harry Ironside shared this story. As Dr. Ironside spoke in Arizona he met a fine young Indian Christian and he went with Dr. Ironside on a speaking trip through California. The Indian shared with a youth group about lawlessness and righteousness. He said "when we were in a Barstow bus station there were signs all over the place saying do not spit on the floor, but there was spit all over the floor as no one obeyed the signs. He then went and stayed in a very fine home with beautiful carpet covering the floor, and there were no signs about not spitting on the floor. Why the people in the home did not need such signs. They were righteous people.
3. The People who Use the
Law . . Contrarily. v 9b-10a
". . . but for the lawless and insubordinate, for the ungodly and for sinners, for the unholy and
profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 for fornicators,
for sodomites, for kidnappers, for liars, for perjurers,. . ." NKJV
No Recognition of the Commands of God.
Lawless: anomois (NT:459). Recognizing no law; a sense which accords
better with the
following context than "not having a law," as 1 Cor 9:21. (Vincent)
Insubordinate: It means those who will not come into subjection. It
is closely allied with
"lawless." In the one case no legal obligation is recognize; in the other, subjection to law is
Command One: No Other God's before Me.
b. Ungodly and for sinners, Ungodly indicates no worship of God.
Unholy and profane, Profane:Derived from
(compare [bainein], "to go"). Hence, the primary sense is "that may
be trodden." Compare the Latin: profanus, "before the temple," on
the ground outside. What is permitted to be trodden by people
at large is "unhallowed, profane."
The isle runner in a wedding is saved for the bride. It is to profane or disdain the isle runner for everyone to walk on it. Why? The purity, and cleanliness is symbolized in this tradition.
Command Five and Six: Thou shall do no Murder.
Murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers,
Murders: More literally, "smiters" of fathers and mothers, though used in Greek and Roman
Classical authors. of parricides and matricides. Derived from haloan (NT:257), "to smite or
Command Seven: Thou shall not commit adultery.
Command Nine: Thou shall not bear false witness.
j. Perjurers,. . ."
This week the former baseball player Pete Rose admitted he bet against baseball. He admitted he lied about this for 14 years. He repeatedly lied about this and did so under oath.
Many refuse to accept his confession because they say he does not show contrition. This is the world calling for contrition.
In my opinion Pete's biggest problem remains his rejection of the gospel and his need to bow to the Lordship of Jesus.
The problem addressed in this letter speaks to sharing the gospel in
love and rejecting false doctrine and those who teach it, but to do so
2. Declaring the . . Dependence on
the Gospel As Sound Doctrine. vv 10b-11
A. A Dependence on the Gospel's . . Agreement with Sound Doctrine. v 10b
". . . and if there is any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine,. . . "
1. Sound Doctrine equals
a Healthy doctrine.
a. Belief and practice agree.
B. A Dependence on the Gospel's. . Awesomeness
with Sound Doctrine. v 11
"according to the glorious gospel of the blessed God which was committed to my trust."
1. Emphasizing the Glory
of God in the Gospel. v 10b
"according to the glorious gospel. . ." v 10b 1
2. Emphasizing the Blessing of God in the Gospel.
". . . of the blessed God . . ." v 10b 2
3. Emphasizing the Entrusting of the Gospel to all Christians.
". . . which was committed to my trust." v 10b 3
Gal 3:24-25 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ,
that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are
no longer under a tutor. NKJV
Conclusion The Gospel Tells
Rebellious men that they can be reconciled, that mercy can be applied.
That sin has been atoned for, and that the judgment of the guilty may be revoked.
The condemnation of the sinner canceled, the curse of the Law blotted out.
The power of sin subdued, the guilty conscience healed, The broken heart comforted, the sorrow and misery of sin's curse released.
The portals of heaven opened wide. And The gates of hell closed.
(Evangelism, A Biblical Approach, M. Cocoris, Moody, 1984, p. 29)