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The Relationship of The Promise and the Law

Gal 3:15-29

 

1.       The . . Promise Before The Law. 3:15-18

15 Brethren, I speak in the manner of men: Though it is only a man's covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it. 16 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, "And to seeds," as of many, but as of one, "And to your Seed," who is Christ.

 

            1.         Note the . . Permanence of The Covenant. v 15

            2.         Note the . . Person of the Covenant.   v 16

 

B.        The . . Confirmation Of The Promise before The Law. 3:17-18

17 And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect. 18 For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

 

            1.         Note the . . Position of the Covenant. v 17

            2.         Note the . . Privilege of the Covenant. V 18


Illustration           According to a 3rd century rabbi, Moses gave 365 prohibitions and 248 positive commands. David reduced them to 11 in Psalm 15. Isaiah made them 6 (Isaiah 33:14, 15). Micah 6:8 binds them into 3 commands. Habbakuk reduces them all to one great statement:


The just shall live by faith.     Source Unknown.


The . . Promise Before The Law.

 

Now:           The . . Purpose of the Law.



 

2.       The . . Purpose of the Law. 3:19-

 

A.        The Purpose of Identifying . . Infractions. 3:19

19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator.

 

            1.         An . . Added Definition of the Infraction. v 19 a

                 19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, . . ."

 

            2.         An . . Acting Definition of the Infraction. v 19 b
"till
the Seed should come to whom the promise was made;"

John 16:8-10 8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: 9 of sin, because they do not believe in Me;
10 of righteousness, b
ecause I go to My Father and you see Me no more; NKJV

 

B.        The Purpose of Identifying The . . Inferiorities. 3:20-22

20 Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one. 21 Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law.

22 But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.




The . . Promise Before The Law.


The . . Purpose of the Law.


Now The . . Preparation of the Law.



 

3.       The . . Preparation of the Law. 3:23-29

 

A.        The Law Prepared with Its . . Teaching.    3:23-25

23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.

 

            1.         The Law Served As A . . Sentry. v 23 a
But
before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, . . . "

            2.         The Law Served As A . . Shelter. v 23 b
"kkept for the faith which would afterward be revealed.

B.        The Law Prepared for the . . Transferring.           3:26-29

            26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. NKJV

 

            1.         Transferring As An . . Interpretation of Sons. v 26 a
26 For
you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.

 

            2.         Transferring As An . . Identification With Christ. v 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.


                        a.         This is not water Baptism but the Baptism of the

                                    Spirit. 1 Cor. 12:13

1 Corinthians 12:12-13 (NKJV)

12 For as the body is one and has many members, but all the members of that one body, being many, are one body, so also is Christ. 13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body--whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free--and have all been made to drink into one Spirit.


Illustration


How does a person express their faith in Christ? Public baptism has always been one of the primary ways of doing that. Several years ago one of the men named Tracy Maxwell who had attended Liberty Baptist Church in Belgrade, but had never been baptized showed up on a Sunday night, and we were observing the Lord's Supper. I explained as always that a person who had not been baptized should not partake of the supper.


I don't know if this man partook or not, but as we held hands and testified Tracy said I want to be worthy to take the Lord's Supper. After church I asked him if that meant he was willing to be baptized. He said yes. I asked when he wanted to be baptized and he said when ever you say.


He wanted to identify publically with Christ, through water baptism because he had identified in spiritual baptism with Christ.


The Relationship of The Promise and the Law


                        We are children of the Promise not Children of the Law.