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Declaring The Lord’s Grace    1 Sam. 1:1-2, 6-7, 12-18, 20, 24-28    Sept. 07 2008


       It should be the normal response of anyone who received God’s grace to declare it to everyone. In the text a need comes forth for a mother to give birth to a child. She prayed and asked God to open her womb, and He did by giving her and her husband a son. Hannah declared the grace of the Lord through her quality of commitment. May our lives be among those found Declaring The Lord’s Grace.


1.   The . . Context For Declaring The Lord’s Grace. 1:1-2, 6-7

       A.   The Context Of . . Family. 1:1-2

1 There was a man from Ramathaim-zophim in the hill country of Ephraim. His name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 2 He had two wives, the first named Hannah and the second Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah was childless.


       B.   The Context Of . . Flaunting Antagonism. 1:6-7

6 Her rival would taunt her severely just to provoke her, because the Lord had kept Hannah from conceiving. 7 Whenever she went up to the Lord's house, her rival taunted her in this way every year. Hannah wept and would not eat.

       The family of Hannah consisted of a husband and an abusing relationship with her husband’s other wife.  God never suggested polygamy as a lifestyle but if a man’s wife could not bear him children society allowed him to take another wife. Hannah’s husband did that and this woman named Peninnah bore children to Elkanah. He loved Hannah very much and that angered Peninnah so she verbally abused Hannah and flaunted her antagonism. Elkanah expressed his love for Hannah but that did not take the place of a child.


2.   The . . Concern Of Urgency In Declaring The Lord’s Grace. 1:12-18 

       A.   The Concern Of Urgency Registered In . . Prayer. 1:12-14 

            12 While she was praying in the Lord's presence, Eli watched her lips. 13 Hannah was speaking
         to herself, and although her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was
         drunk 14 and scolded her, "How long are you going to be drunk? Get rid of your wine!"


       B.   The Concern Of Urgency Registered In . . Pouring Out The Heart. 1:15-16 

        15 "No, my lord," Hannah replied. "I am a woman with a broken heart. I haven't had any wine or
         beer; I've been pouring out my heart before the Lord. 16 Don't think of me as a wicked woman;
         I've been praying from the depth of my anguish and resentment."


       C.   The Concern Of Urgency Registered In . . Promises. 1:17-18

        17 Eli responded, "Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant the petition you've requested

        from Him." 18 "May your servant find favor with you," she replied. Then Hannah went on her
         way; she ate and no longer appeared downcast.

       The text says Hannah prayed, “before the Lord,” or “in the Lord’s presence”. What an interesting phrase about prayer. I am sure most of us have prayed when it seemed like we were in the presence of the Lord, and sometimes when it seemed the Lord’s presence remained far from us. Hannah prayed and reached the Lord’s throne. One commentary says the phrase, “pouring out my heart before the Lord,” is one of the best definitions of prayer in the entire Bible. After Eli knew the manner of Hannah he made a promise to her about her prayer being answered. It so affected Hannah that she got up from praying ate some food and went on her way. When you have your answer to your prayer; get up and walk by faith as if you already have what you asked for.


3.   The . . Conception Granted In Declaring The Lord’s Grace. 1:20

       A.   The Conception Granted With A . . Son. 1:20a 

20 After some time, Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son.


       B.   The Conception Granted With A . . Significance. 1:20b

She named him Samuel, because she said, "I requested him from the Lord."

       A son being born to Hannah is the reality of Eli’s statement and her prayers of faith. God delights to answer prayer. It is a shame we do not express more faith as we ask from Him. The significance of this prayer is seen as she got what she requested from the Lord, and she named the boy Samuel indicating she got this son from the Lord.


4.   The . . Commitment Followed In Declaring The Lord’s Grace. 1:24-28

       A.   The Commitment Of Responding As . . Promised. 1:24-25

        24 When she had weaned him, she took him with her to Shiloh, as well as a three-year-old

        bull, twoand one-half gallons of flour, and a jar of wine. Though the boy was still young, she took
         him to the Lord's house at Shiloh. 25 Then they slaughtered the bull and brought the boy to Eli.


       B.   The Commitment Of Responding As . . Prayed. 1:26-28

        26 "Please, my lord," she said, "as sure as you live, my lord, I am the woman who stood here
         beside you praying to the Lord. 27 I prayed for this boy, and since the Lord gave me what I asked
         Him for, 28 I now give the boy to the Lord. For as long as he lives, he is given to the Lord." Then
         he bowed and worshiped the Lord there.

       Hannah represents a lady of significant commitment. This is seen in her prayer and her follow through to give the boy to the Lord just as she promised and in direct response to her prayer. She gave the boy to the Lord in an act of worship and prescribed sacrifice. This kind of commitment and desire for their son brought them to a formal act of worship. They were certainly Declaring The Lord’s Grace. Amen? Amen!