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IN ADAM OR IN CHRIST
Rom 5:12-21

NKJV 12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned -- 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,
21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. NKJV

NASB 12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned -- 13 for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification.  17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.
18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. 19 For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. 20 The Law came in so that the transgression would increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. NASU

Introduction
Now at verse 12 of chapter 5 Paul indicates a division in the structure of the message of his Roman letter. In the prior chapter's and verses Paul showed how we broke God's laws and sinned, sin after sin, many of them enumerated in chapters 1 and 2. Then he showed how we were justified from those sins by the blood of Christ. Up to verse 11 of chapter 5 the discussion has centered on our sins, plural sins, specific sins, enumerated and listed sins which we have committed.

1. In Adam
12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned -- 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

A. SIN BEGAN. 5:12 a
    12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world,. . ."

        1. Satan Is The Culprit. Isa 14:12-15
            12 "How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened
             the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart:'
                a. Notice Satan's "I Wills." . . Announced.  Isa. 14:13b - 14                    
                       ". . .  I will
ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the
                     congregation On the farthest sides of the north; 14 I will
ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most
                     High.'

                    b. Notice God's Will . . Accomplished.                    
                        15 Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol,To the
lowest depths of the Pit. NKJV

B. DEATH BEGAN. 5:12b
". . . and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned --

        2. Satan Is Condemned. Ezek 28:12-16
12 "Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, 'Thus says the Lord God: "You were the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering: The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes Was prepared for you on the day you were created. 14 "You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. 15 You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. 16 "By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. NKJV

C. SIN BLOSSOMED. 5:12 c
". . . because all sinned -- . . ."

D. DEATH BLOSSOMED v 13-14
13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

Look at sin's presence.

Look now at sin's penalty.

Look at sin's power.


2. IN CHRIST
15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. NKJV

A. MUCH MORE GRACE.

     1. GRACE BEGINS v 15a
            15 But the free gift is not like the offense. . . ."
                a. The Gift of grace.

    2. GRACE BLOSSOMS v 15b-16
        15b For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ,
         abounded to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from
         one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.

    3. GRACE ABOUNDS v 20
      
20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,

B.    MUCH MORE LIFE. 5: 17-20       
        1. The Gift of Justification - Romans 5:17
        2. The Gift of Righteousness - Romans 5:17
           
17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) 18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.
19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous.


C. Eternal LIFE. 5: 17-20
21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. NKJV

        1. LIFE REIGNING WITH CHRIST v 17        
            17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the
             gift of righteousness will reign in life
through the One, Jesus Christ.)
     
        2. LIFE RIGHTEOUS FROM CHRIST v 18-19 & 21

            1. The Gift of Grace - Romans 5:15        
            2. The Gift of Justification - Romans 5:17              

                3. The Gift of Righteousness - Romans 5:17                    

                        4. The Gift of Eternal Life - Romans 6:21
                       
21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to  eternal life through Jesus Christ our
                         Lord. 21 so
that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus
                         Christ our Lord. NASU


C. ETERNAL LIFE v 21b      
        21 so that, as sin reigned in death, even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. NASU

Present, Past, Future Tense of our Salvation

Present Tense      
   
v 1 being justified, we have peace,  

    v 2 we have access, we stand, rejoice in hope

    v 3 we glory in tribulations   

    v 5 the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts

Past Tense of our Salvation
6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.  8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Future Tense of our salvation
9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. 10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.