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The Power Of Courage     1 Sam.17:8-11, 17: 32-39, 17:45-47    July 11, 2010


Can you think of a time that stands out in your life time where you are some one you know demonstrated courage? Can you share it with the class?


1.   When Courage Is . . Diminished. 17:8-11

8 Then he stood and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, "Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me. 9 If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us." 10 And the Philistine said, "I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together." 11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid. NKJV

(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

                                           Seven Parts to Goliath's Armor (1 Sam 17:7)

              Item                                                  Estimated Weight

1. Helmet of brass                                                  10          Lbs.

2. Coat of mail (1 Sam 17:5)                                 194.5

3. Two greaves for legs                                         20

4. Breastplate                                                         20

5. Spearhead (1 Sam 17:7)                                    23.5

6. Sword (estimated, 1 Sam 17:51)                       10

7. Shield (carried by extra man)                            30 

                                                                Total      318 Lbs

Verse 8

a [Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul?] Questions 64-65. Next, 1 Sam 17:25.

b [Philistine] By race, Goliath was not a Philistine; rather, he came from one of the races of giants whom Israel fought when leaving Egypt. See Giants and the Sons of God .

c [choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me] This was a common form of challenge used by such champions (1 Sam 17:4,8-10).

Verse 11

a [they were dismayed, and greatly afraid] They saw no man able to accept the challenge and so were greatly afraid.

(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

(Life Application Study Bible.)

1 Samuel 17:9

17:9 An army often avoided the high cost of battle by pitting its strongest warrior against the strongest warrior of the enemy. This avoided great bloodshed because the winner of the fight was considered the winner of the battle. Goliath had the definite advantage against David from a human standpoint. But Goliath didn't realize that in fighting David, he also had to fight God.

(Life Application Study Bible.)


2.   When Courage Is . . Discovered. 17:32-39

32 Then David said to Saul, "Let no man's heart fail because of him; your servant will go and fight with this

Philistine." 33 And Saul said to David, "You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are a youth, and he a man of war from his youth." 34 But David said to Saul, "Your servant used to keep his father's sheep, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock, 35 I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and struck and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God." 37 Moreover David said, "The Lord , who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine." And Saul said to David, "Go, and the Lord be with you!" 38 So Saul clothed David with his armor, and he put a bronze helmet on his head; he also clothed him with a coat of mail. 39 David fastened his sword to his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. And David said to Saul, "I cannot walk with these, for I have not tested them." So David took them off. NKJV

(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

Verse 32

a [Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine] David immediately made it clear that no man in Israel needed to fear any longer, for he would fight the giant.

Verse 33

a [youth] Hebrew: na+ar (OT:5288), a boy, from infancy to adolescence. He was probably still in his teens. Na`ar is translated "lad" 33 times and is applied to Ishmael when he was 18 or 19 years of age (Gen 21:12-20), to Isaac when he was offered as a sacrifice (Gen 22:5,12), and to Joseph when he was 17 years old (Gen 37:2).

Verse 34

a [Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock ...] 1.       Your servant killed a lion that came after my father's sheep. I pursued him, caught him by the mane, smote him and took the lamb out of his mouth (1 Sam 17:34-35).

2.    I also killed a bear that took a lamb out of the flock. I caught him by the beard, smote him, and slew him.

3.    I have faith in God. 1 Killed both the lion and the bear, and I will do the same to this uncircumcised Philistine, since he has defied the armies of the Living God. Jehovah delivered me out of the paws of the lion and the bear; He will deliver me out of the hands of this Philistine (1 Sam 17:34-37).

Verse 37

a [Go, and the LORD be with thee] David made his case and got Saul's permission to fight Goliath.

Verse 38

a [armed David with his armour] Saul dressed David with his own armor which was probably too large for him. But David hadn't tested it, so he took it off and set the sword aside (1 Sam 17:38-39).

(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

(Life Application Study Bible.)

1 Samuel 17:28-32

17:28-32 Criticism couldn't stop David. While the rest of the army stood around, he knew the importance of taking action. With God to fight for him, there was no reason to wait. People may try to discourage you with negative comments or mockery, but continue to do what you know is right. By doing what is right, you will be pleasing God, whose opinion matters most.

(Life Application Study Bible.)

(Willmington's Bible Handbook.)

17:23-30 David: "Who does he think he is!" Eliab: "Who do you think you are!" Having seen Goliath and having heard of his boasts, David expressed outrage that a "pagan Philistine" would dare say such things about God's people. But Eliab, David's oldest brother, was equally outraged that the young David would make even the slightest suggestion that he could take on Goliath. Meanwhile, despite the offer of a fabulous reward (17:25), none of Saul's men were willing to face Goliath (17:24).

17:31-37 "He'll fall, just like the lion and bear!" When David offered to take on Goliath, Saul was skeptical, but David's enthusiasm and stories of his boyhood feats finally won Saul over; he sent David to the task with his blessing. David had been faithful in little things; now the stage was set for greater things.

(Willmington's Bible Handbook.)


3.   When Courage Is . . Displayed. 17:45-47

45 Then David said to the Philistine, "You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I

come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.

46 This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will give the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. 47 Then all this assembly shall know that the Lord does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the Lord 's, and He will give you into our hands."


(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

Sevenfold Answer of David (1 Sam 17:45)

1.    You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a shield, but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel whom you have defied

2.    This day will the Lord deliver you into my hand

3.    I will smite you and take your head off

4.    I will give the bodies of your army to the birds and beasts of the earth, this day

5.    All the earth shall know that there is a God in Israel

6.    All this assembly shall know that the Lord does not save by a sword and spear

7.    The battle is the Lord's and He will give you into our hands

(Dake Annotated Reference Bible.)

(Life Application Study Bible.)

17:48-49 David was able to move faster than Goliath because David carried no heavy weapons or armor. David was an expert marksman with a sling, and as he advanced on Goliath, he stayed out of range of Goliath's huge weapons. What made David effective, however, was more than his ability with a sling; it was his courage and his faith in God. To fight like David we need David's kind of fearlessness. David had grown strong in his confidence by trusting God when he had encountered wild animals while guarding his father's sheep (17:34-37). When you face towering problems, recall how God has helped you in the past. Take heart because God gives you strength. Use the skills God has already given you and move forward.

(Life Application Study Bible.)

(Willmington's Bible Handbook.)

17:38-47 Five smooth stones, and God's help. Saul gave David his own armor, but David rejected it in favor of his more familiar sling and stones. When he encountered Goliath, the giant was disdainful of David and his sling. But David proclaimed that he would be victorious because he would fight in God's name and with his help.

Throughout his dealings with Goliath, David was guided not by a desire for personal glory but by his zeal for the Lord (17:26,36,45,47).

17:48-54 Struck by a stone, severed by a sword. The first rock from David's sling found its target, but David took Goliath's sword and stabbed him just to make sure he was dead. Then he cut off his head. Their champion fallen, the Philistines fled. Goliath's sword would soon be in David's hand again (21:9).

(Willmington's Bible Handbook.)